Is language variable? If so, where is substance of variability?
Variability occurs in substance.
What is not substance is untrue in variability.
Where is substance of language?
Letters are substance. Pronunciations are substance. Meanings are substance?
Meanings occurs in inner human being.
The sun rises in the east. It is true. The sun also rises. It is true in Hemingway.
Meaning is variable.
At where occurs variability of meaning?
If variability of meaning is true, substance in which variability occurs must be shown in front of us.
October 23, 2005
Sekinan Research Field of Language
Postscript [References January 1, 2008]
Substantiality / Tokyo February 27, 2005
Substantiality of Language / Tokyo February 21, 2006